Information about GERD Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment options, and GERD Medication
For information on Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) visit:



Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)



Measurement of:

Total Mucosal Thickness  (TT) 
Basal Zone Thickness  (BZT)
Papillary Height  (PH)

TT is in arbitrary micrometer units 
(in this case, BZT = 12%  and  PH = 41%)


The following studies reveal the pathology findings in patients with GERD.  They confirm that Esophageal pinch biopsies are adequate and useful in diagnosing chronic GER.  It is important to perform biopsy in order to confirm diagnosis in the absence of Reflux Laryngitis and Erosive Esophagitis.

Slide provided by Dr. James P. Kolton of Caritas Norwood Hospital, Norwood, MA.








         This is an educational site created by M. Farivar, M.D. The information provided is the author's opinion based on years of clinical experience and research.  You are advised to consult your own physician about the applicability of this information to your particular needs.  Also, keep in mind that symptom response to therapy does not preclude the presence of more serious conditions. 

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